Mineral waters of the Rhone-Alpes

Taste of Savoie is pleased to announce a guest blog post from the Travel Writer Gordon Lethbridge when he visited our wonderful region to taste a few of the mineral waters that are produced in The Rhone Alpes.

Mineral Water of the Rhone Alpes

On a trip to the Rhone-Alpes region of France I looked at the itinerary and was surprised to see that two hours had been devoted to water tasting. Wine tasting I had heard of, cheese tasting and olive oil tasting too. I had even been to chocolate tasting in Bordeaux but I had never heard of water tasting.

The water tasting took place in the museum at the old Badoit bottling plant adjacent to the company’s uber modern bottling plant in St Galmier. We were limiting ourselves to waters of the Rhone-Alpes. The region has over 30 different mineral waters including the ubiquitous Evian and the popular sparkling Badoit.

The original Badoit bottling plant at St Galmier
The original Badoit bottling plant at St Galmier

Pure water is made up of two atoms of hydrogen and one of oxygen and is neutral in taste and smell. The water that we drink is rarely pure but has trace elements and minerals dissolved in it. It is these, in differing proportions, that determine how the water tastes. However, it is more complex than that as the “mouthfeel”, aroma and the pH value also influence our perception of taste. Water, like wine, also has an aroma which is best detected before drinking by swirling the water around in the glass.

There is a method to tasting water. It’s not just a case of drinking a glassful. I was given the following eight tips when tasting water.

Water 006

1. Drink a glass of water beforehand to quench your thirst and allow you to focus on the taste.
2. The ideal time to taste is just before a meal as hunger heightens the senses.
3. Chill the water to about 13℃.
4. Have several glasses. These should be clean and have no odour.
5. Half fill the glasses.
6. Start with still waters then move onto the sparkling waters going from light to bold effervescence.
7. Nose the water before and after swirling
8. Take water into the mouth and swirl it around so that it covers all of the tongue and reaches every taste bud. We have only four taste receptors on the tongue: sweet, salty (or savoury), acidic and bitter. The combination of minerals in the water will trigger more than one of these types of receptors and it is the unique proportions of these that give a water its unique taste.

After a pleasant hour or so of swirling, nosing and swilling around the mouth I discovered there were indeed distinct differences in taste and, surprisingly, feel of the selection of waters from the Rhone-Alpes. The following is a summary of the tastes and aromas of some of the better known and more readily available mineral waters of the Rhone-Alpes.

The still waters – found mostly east of the River Rhone:

Thonon: Slightly lemony with a fresh meadowy scent; sweet taste

Evian: Light marine aroma; a neutral balance between salty and acidic taste

Aix: Dry earthy scent; no dominant taste, well balanced

The sparkling waters – found mostly to the west of the River Rhone in the volcanic rocks of the Massif Central:

Badoit (verte): Little discernible aroma; salty, sweet and bitter, well balanced taste between the three

Badoit (rouge); A hint of woodiness; taste is salty and slightly bitter

Vals: Little discernible nose; salty and bitter in taste

Saint Alban: Lightly metallic scent; sweet and salty, well balanced

Cesar: aromatic notes of almonds and lemon; an acidic and bitter taste

Vernet: Slightly metallic aroma with an earthy note; an acidic and salty taste

Parot: Complex scent, flowery and vanilla with a note of leather; a dominant salty taste

Water 001 Water 002

Still or sparkling, alpine or volcanic, decades or millennia in the making, it is the trace elements dissolved in the water during their journey that give the water its taste. Each of Rhone-Alpes’ 30 plus waters take a different route to their source and it is that journey that ultimately determines their unique taste.

Do you have a favourite mineral water? Is it from the Rhone-Alpes?

Gordon Lethbridge is a food and travel writer believing the two go hand-in-hand. As he says “You cannot truly travel without tasting the local food. To do so would be like an evening without stars.” He edits the website www.travelunpacked.co.uk and contributes to other websites. As well as writing articles for print publications, writing and up dating guide books and taking photographs he is also active on social media platforms in the travel sector. You can follow him on Twitter www.twitter.com/lethers or on the Facebook Travel Unpacked page.

All of the photographs in this article are © Copyright Gordon Lethbridge 2013  www.snapsandscribbles.co.uk

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